• Getting Things Done --  Executive Functioning Skillls   Part 1



    Think Before




    What is










    On your mark

    Get set,


    This is a skill where a person controls their initial responses to situations.




    1. Watch your impulsive reactions to act or speak.

    2. Make a plan to avoid them.

    3. Practice waiting.

    4. Ask yourself, “Is this a good choice?”


    Think to yourself:


    1. Work first, then play.

    2. Learn from mistakes.

    3. Stop and think.



    This is a skill where a person keeps things in the front of their mind.




    1. Keep what you need near at hand.

    2. Use Highlighters.

    3. Set alarms.

    4. Make checklists.

    5. Chunk work.


    Think to yourself:


    1. Did I forget anything?

    2. I need to check my list.

    3. Do I have the big idea?



    This is a skill where a person controls their emotions.




    1. Name the emotion and let it go.

    2. Take a break, then come back to the task.

    3. Learn breathing/ meditation techniques.


    Think to yourself:


    1. Relax, it’s not that bad.

    2. This, too, shall pass.

    3. I can handle this.

    4. Think happy thoughts.




    This is a skill where a person keeps their mind focused on a task.




    1. Have clear goals-what needs to be done

    2. Keep due date in mind.

    3. Have everything you need at hand.

    4. Reduce distraction.


    Think to yourself:


    1. I’m set to get this done.

    2. I’m going to get this done and then I can play.

    3. Nothing is going to distract me.



    This is skill where a person is able to make themselves start the task to be done.




    1. Break the task into small chunks.

    2. Set the start time and estimate completion time.

    3. Decide the cue to start.


    Think to yourself:


    1. The sooner I start, the sooner I finish.

    2. Just do it.

    3. One step as a time.

    4. I will feel good when I’m done.




  • Getting Things Done --  Executive Functioning    Part 2





    Adaptibility and Options





    Organization of information and materials

    Time Management



    Directed Persistence

    This is a skill where a person adapts to change and creates solutions.




    1. Reduce your level of frustration, stress/tension.

    2. Have a growth mindset.

    3. There is always another way to accomplish a goal.

    4. Anticipate what could go wrong and have a plan-B.


    Think to yourself:


    1. What is the big deal; I can handle this.

    2. Open my mind & think.

    3. I can see other options.

    4. Don’t give up.



    This is a skill where a person designs a road map and negotiates obstacles.




    1. Know what the end goal looks like-what is required.

    2. Ask the teacher for a preview and study guide.

    3. Know the sub-tasks and put them in order.

    4. Start and focus on the most important parts.


    Think to yourself:


    1. What is the destination?

    2. I need to map the route; step 1, step 2, step 3.

    3. Put first things first.


    See the attached Worksheet

    This is a skill where a person keeps track of information and materials.




    1. Have no clutter.

    2. Have simple routines to handle information and materials you usually need.

    3. Take 5-10 minutes/day to put things in their place.


    Think to yourself:


    1. Do I have a place for everything and everything in its place?

    2. I can find what I need when I need it easily.



    This is a skill where a person is productive and efficient in the use of time.




    1. Use a daily/weekly schedule.

    2. Use time limits & reminders.

    3. Use cuing devices: clocks and alarms.

    4. Reduce distractions and be ready for interruptions.


    Think to yourself:


    1. Is this a want or a need.

    2. Keep track of time. needed and time used.

    3. Nothing is going to distract me.


    This is skill where a person envisions a long-term finish line & is determined to win.




    1. Have a clear picture of the finish line.

    2. Break the long-term task into smaller daily tasks.

    3. Keep a visible record of your progress to the goal. 

    4. Increase the incentive to keep motivation high.


    Think to yourself:


    1. My goal is my life purpose.

    2. One day at a time.

    3. I will never give-up—it will be worth it in the end.